EPILOGUE

 

 

         In December 1901 the Fergus Livestock and Land Company laid plans to appraise and offer its land for sale, including livestock and equipment. Much to the regret of its president, their goal was never realized, for James became very ill and subsequently died in June.

 

         The three girls, especially Agnes, urged Andrew to continue their original project, selling the land to divide the proceeds among James' four children. However, Andrew resisted and held the property together. Lacking bookkeeping ability, he wisely secured professional help in that area while continuing to manage the company. [Lillie Fergus Maury to Andrew Fergus, n.d., Box 15 F. 50, FP, UM. Luella Fergus Gilpatrick to Andrew Fergus, December 28, 1902, Box 15 F. 3, FP, UM. Agnes Fergus Hamilton to Andrew Fergus, July 31, 1902, Box 15 F. 13; also, Agnes to Andrew, n.d., Box 15 F. 13, FP, UM.]

 

         On August 1, 1910 bachelor Andrew Fergus, by then sixty years old, married Hazel Akeley, some forty years his junior. He considered selling the ranch the following year, hoping to secure $100,000 for the land and $100,000 for the livestock, enough to retire their debts and provide working capital. [Fergus family tree, see appendix (replaced). Farson, Son & Co. to Andrew Fergus, June 21, 1911, Box 4 F. 3, FC, MHSL. In 1913 the company again seriously considered selling, for the assets were listed. Each shareholder received his rightful portion, with the remaining land offered for sale. Andrew was given first opportunity to buy what he wanted. It is unclear if the girls received their shares in money or if the ranch remained intact. Hilger Loan and Reality Co. to Andrew Fergus, June 10, 1913, Box 15 F. 24, FP, UM, for the call to list the assets, divide and sell the property.]

 

         However, Andrew and Hazel Fergus remained at Armells, ranching and raising three children of their own—Agnes Abbie, Andrew James and Pamelia June. Andrew assumed the office of company president while Hazel acted as secretary; both became directors. The board designated Andrew the company's agent in all affairs. They worked the ranch through the 1920's, despite a disastrous 1921 fire which destroyed a large barn, the mess hall and an office building. [The main log house, the big barn, private saddle horse barn and attached out buildings were lost. However, all furniture, records and books were saved. Buildings not burned were one small log building on the North side of road near the west end of the main log house, the large frame granary and machine house and the blacksmith shop which were across the road to the south. 30 June 1962 AJF.] Of course the company also confronted a more difficult foe—the debilitating effects of Montana's depression—a prelude to the 1930's on a reduced scale. [Minutes of the Fergus Livestock and Land Co. Board of Directors Meetings, September 1, 1921, Box 19 F. 58, FP, UM. Unidentified clipping (probably Lewistown Democrat), January 20, 1921, Box 21 F. 5, FP, UM. The disastrous fire started from sparks off a passing train.]

 

         Andrew Fergus died on July 18, 1928, at the age of seventy-eight. The Fergus Livestock and Land Company ceased functioning the following year, bringing to a close another episode in the development of Montana ranching. [Fergus family tree, see appendix. Telephone interview with Montana Secretary of State's Office, Helena, January 1971. The company's capital stock was listed at $50,000 with its debts declared to be $2,264 the year it ceased operation.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

 

         Since this paper has been written almost entirely from the James Fergus Papers housed in the University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana, no attempt will be made to annotate the remaining sources. The secondary sources were used only as peripheral material and many have been mentioned in footnotes, as have the theses. As can be seen below, most of the newspapers used in this biography can be found in the James Fergus Scrapbook.

 

         Of the other manuscript collections, the James Fergus Collection in the Montana Historical Society Library, Helena, Montana, proved to be the most useful, though Fergus' close friendship with Granville Stuart made the Stuart Papers at Yale University, the Stuart Collection at the Montana Historical Society, and the Stuart Papers in the University of Montana Archives very valuable. The Oscar O. Mueller Collection [Much of this collection was acquired without knowledge or consent of Hazel Fergus from materials lent for study. 30 June 1962 AJF. See separate section on these materials.], Montana Historical Society Library, also provided important information. The Ignatius Donnelly Papers, Minnesota Historical Society, while being the most voluminous—167 rolls of microfilm—were of less value.

 

         In toto, the James Fergus Papers of the University of Montana and the Fergus Collection of the Montana Historical Society provide a unique source of events in four states and territories in the nineteenth century. They are comprised of correspondence, memo books and financial records of James and Andrew Fergus, as well as other members of the family, 1834-1967.

 

 


A.  MANUSCRIPT COLLECTIONS

 

 

Ignatius Donnelly Papers.  Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota.

 

James Fergus Collection. Montana Historical Society Library, Helena, Montana.

 

James Fergus Papers. University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

Samuel T. Hauser Papers.  Montana Historical Society Library, Helena, Montana.

 

Cornelius Hedges Papers. Montana Historical Society Library, Helena, Montana.

 

Nathaniel P. Langford Diary:  September 29, 1862 - September 29, 1863. Locked Case, M. Room, University of Montana Library, Missoula, Montana.

 

Oscar O. Mueller Collection. Montana Historical Society Library, Helena, Montana.

 

Granville Stuart Collection. Montana Historical Society Library, Helena, Montana.

 

Granville Stuart Papers.  Western America Collection, Yale University Library, New Haven, Connecticut. Stuart's letters from this collection used in this paper are on microfilm and can be found in          the University of Montana Archives.

 

James and Granville Stuart Papers.  University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

 

B.  PUBLIC DOCUMENTS AND REPORTS

 

 

Montana Stockgrowers Association.  Proceedings of Meetings. Montana Historical Society Library, Helena, Montana.

 

Proceedings of the Montana Constitutional Convention of 1884.  Office of Montana Secretary of State, Helena, Montana.

 

Territory of Montana.  Council Journal of the Fourteenth Regular Legislative Assembly.  January 12, 1885 to March 12, 1885.

 

Territory of Montana.  Laws, Resolutions and Memorials Passed at the Fourteenth Regular Legislative Assembly.  January 12, 1885 to March 12, 1885.

 

U. S. House of Representatives.  Captain James L. Fisk's Report of the Expedition to Escort Emigrants from Fort Abercrombie to Fort Benton, and to Fort Walla Walla.  Executive Document No. 8, 37th  Cong., 3rd Sess.

        

U. S.  Congressional Record.  Vol. LVI.

 

 

C. NEWSPAPERS

 

 

The Age (Boulder).  As found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

Anaconda Standard.  As found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

Avant Courier (Bozeman).  As found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

Boston Investigator.  As found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

Butte Miner.  As found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

Butte Semi-Weekly Miner.  1884-1885.

 

Fergus County Argus (Lewistown).  1890-1908.  And as found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

Fergus Falls Daily Journal (Minnesota).  As found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

Freethinker's Magazine.  As found in the Fergus Collection, Montana Historical Society Library, Helena, Montana.

 

Fort Benton Record.  As found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

Fort Benton River Press.  As found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

Great Falls Leader.  As found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

Great Falls Tribune.  As found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

Helena Herald.  1876-1894.  And as found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

Helena Independent.  1879-1902, 1927.  And as found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

The Ironclad.  As found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

Lewistown Democrat.  As found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

Little Falls Herald (Minnesota). As found in the Mueller Collection, Montana Historical Society Library, Helena, Montana.

 

Mineral Argus (Maiden).  1887.  And as found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

New Northwest (Deer Lodge).  As found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

Rocky Mountain Husbandman (White Sulphur Springs).  1884-1885. And as found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

The Truthseeker.  As found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana

Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

Virginia City Post.  As found in the Fergus Papers, University of Montana Archives, Missoula, Montana.

 

 

D.  ARTICLES AND PERIODICALS

 

 

"A Leaf From the Diary of James Fergus:  Relative to the Fisk Expedition of 1862, and Early Mining Life at Bannack, 1863," Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana.  Helena:  State Publishing Co., 1896, Vol. II.

 

Collier, John.  "Back to Dishonor?"  Christian Century, May 12, 1954.

 

Fergus, James.  "Early Mining Fife at Bannack and Alder Gulch," Rocky Mountain Magazine, Vol. I, No. 4, pp. 265-69, 1900-1901.

 

Gilpatrick, Mrs. S. C.  "Biographical Sketch of Mrs. James Fergus," Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana.  Helena: Independent Publishing Co., 1903, Vol. IV.

 

McLemore, Clyde (ed.).  "Bannack and Gallatin City in 1862-63:  A Letter by Mrs. Emily R. Meridity," Frontier and Midland, Vol. XVII, No. 4, 1937.

 

 

E.  BOOKS

 

 

Barsness, Larry.  Gold Camp.  New York:  Hastings House, 1962.

 

Burlingame, Merrill G.  The Montana Frontier.  Helena, Montana:  State Publishing Co., 1942.

 

Chittenden, Hiram M.  History of Early Steamboat Navigation on the Missouri River.  New York:  Francis P. Harper, 1903.

 

Dimsdale, Thomas J.  The Vigilantes of Montana.  Helena, Montana: State Publishing Co., 1915.

 

Goetzman, William H.  Army Exploration in the West, 1803-1863.  New Haven:  Yale University Press, 1959.

 

Gressley, Gene N.  Bankers and Cattlemen. New York:  Alfred A. Knopf, 1966.

 

Hosmer, Hezekiah L.  Montana:  An Address Delivered to the Travelers Club, New York City, January 1866.  New York:  The New York Printing Co., 1866.

 

Howard, Joseph Kinsey.  Montana:  High, Wide and Handsome.  New Haven:  Yale University Press, 1943.

 

Langford, Nathaniel P.  Vigilante Days and Ways.  A. C. McClurg, 1912.

 

Leeson, M. A. (ed.).  History of Montana, 1739-1885.  Chicago: Warner, Biers & Co., 1885.

 

Levine, Lewis.  The Taxation of Mines in Montana.  New York: B. W. Huebseh, 1919.

 

Miller, Joaquin.  An Illustrated History of Montana.  Chicago:  The Lews Publishing Co., 1894.

 

Moore, Edward C.  American Pragmatism:  Peirce, James and Dewey. New York:  Columbia University Press, 1961.

 

Osgood, Ernest Staples.  The Day of the Cattlemen.  Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1929.

 

Paul, Rodman Wilson.  Mining Frontiers of the Far West, 1848-1880. New York:  Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1963.

 

Phillips, Paul C. (ed.).  Forty Years on the Frontier as Seen in the Journals of Granville Stuart.  2 vols.  Cleveland:  Arthur H. Clark Co., 1925.

 

Prochnow, Herbert V., and Prochnow, Herbert V. Jr. (eds.).  The Public Speaker's Treasure Chest.  New York:  Harper and Row, 1964.

 

Progressive Men of the State of Montana.  Chicago:  A. W. Bowden Co., 1902.

 

Raymer, R. G.  Montana:  The Land and the People.  Chicago:  The Lewis Publishing Co., 1930.

 

Rolle, Andrew F. (ed.).  The Road to Virginia City:  The Diary of James Knox Polk Miller.  Norman:  University of Oklahoma Press, 1960.

 

Sanders, Helen Fitzgerald.  A History of Montana.  Chicago:  The Lewis Publishing Co., 1913.

 

Sanders, James U. (ed.).  Society of Montana Pioneers.  Akron:  1899.

 

Stout, Tom.  Montana, Its Story and Biography.  Chicago:  American Historical Society, 1921.

 

Toole, K. Ross.  Montana, An Uncommon Land.  Norman:  University of Oklahoma Press, 1959.

 

_______.  Montana:  A Twentieth Century Portrait.  Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1971.

 

_______, and Burlingame, Merrill G.  A History of Montana.  New York:  The Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1957.

 

Waldron, Ellis L.  Montana Politics Since 1864:  An Atlas of Elections. Missoula, Montana:  State University Press, 1958.

 

White, Helen McCann (ed.).  Ho! For the Gold Fields.  St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1966.

 

Wolfe, Murial Sibell.  Montana Pay Dirt:  A Guide to the Mining Camps of the Treasure State.  Denver:  Sage Books, 1963.

 

 

F.  UNPUBLISHED MATERIALS

 

 

Curnow, Edward E.  "History of the Eradication of the Wolf in Montana."  Unpublished Master's Thesis, Department of History, University of Montana, 1969.

 

Dalich, Charles A.  "Dry Farming Promotion in Eastern Montana (1907-1916)."  Unpublished Master's Thesis, Department of History, University of Montana, 1968.

 

MacMillan, Donald.  "Andrew Jackson Davis:  A Story of Frontier Capitalism, 1864-1890."  Unpublished Master's Thesis, Department of History, University of Montana, 1967.

 

Stuart, Mrs. Granville (Allis B.)  "Sketch of James Fergus." Unpublished account found in Montana Historical Society Library, Helena, Montana.  June 22, 1942.

 

Thane, James L. Jr.  "Thomas Francis Meagher:  'The Acting One.'" Unpublished Master's Thesis, Department of History, University of Montana, 1967.


APPENDIX

 

 

FERGUS FAMILY TREE

 

 

         This section was not included in the 1982 edition, and the original has not been reproduced as it was just an outline modified by every individual for their section of the family separately. The CD edition will include the descent of James Fergus, but the internet version will include a link to the web pages where the data will be updated periodically, as well as suppress full names and data for living persons.

 

 

CURRENT NOTES ON FERGUS FAMILY PAPERS

 

 

BIOGRAPHIES ON OTHER FERGUS FAMILY MEMBERS (Including those added to the 1982 edition at the front.)

 

 

MORE FERGUS FAMILY PHOTOGRAPHS NOT ADDED TO THE TEXT ABOVE

 

 

CONTACT INFORMATION

 

 

Jim. Do either Andrew or Charlotte wish to be contact information with address etc. or willing to have it given on request by me.

 

Where is Dr. Horne now? 

 

Is permission needed from the University of Montana?

 

Tell ladies in Vermont.